The Nokona's History
Lord of the Plains
The Comanches swept down from the upper plains to west and central
Texas in the eighteenth century. They drove the Apache, no slouches
when it came to fighting, completely off the Southern Plains.
Comanches and Nature
The People believed everything in nature had a soul. When they killed a buffalo they would give its spirit thanks for allowing its flesh to be eaten.
The Nokoni and the Last Days of the Comanche
The last Comanche chief to hold out was Quanah Parker, son of Chief Peta Nocona and Cynthia Ann Parker. Peta Nocona was the leader of the Nokoni band, one of several independent Comanche tribes who roamed from the Red River to the Brazos.
The word Nokoni is usually translated as: They who go out and return again.
After the Civil War there was a long bloody war between the army and the Comanches. Quanah Parker joined with a warlike Quahadi band who, like him, refused to submit. In 1875, after their supplies were raided during a brutal winter, they straggled into Fort Sill and the Texas Indian Wars were over.
Quanah Parker became a bridge between the whites and his people, becoming a rancher, a judge of the Indian Court, and a lobbyist who went to Washington to plead his people's causes. He rode in his friend President Theodore Roosevelt's inaugural parade.